TwitterFacebookPinterest

Engineers of Jihad

Diego Gambetta, Steffen Hertog

2007


Sociology Working Papers (Paper Number 2007-10), Department of Sociology, University of Oxford

Abstract

The authors find that graduates from subjects such as science, engineering, and medicine are strongly over-represented among Islamist movements in the Muslim world, though not among the extremist Islamic groups which have emerged in Western countries more recently. They also find that engineers alone are strongly over-represented among graduates in violent groups in both realms. This is all the more puzzling for engineers are virtually absent from left-wing violent extremists and only present rather than over-represented among right-wing extremists.' In trying to understand and explain the phenomena, the authors considered four hypotheses, asking: is the engineers’ prominence among violent Islamists an accident of history amplified through network links, or do their technical skills make them attractive recruits? Do engineers have a ‘mindset’ that makes them a particularly good match for Islamism, or is their vigorous radicalization explained by the social conditions they endured in Islamic countries? The authors argue that the interaction between the last two causes is the most plausible explanation of their findings, casting a new light on the sources of Islamic extremism and grounding macro theories of radicalization in a micro-level perspective.

Download full text
Only open access items are publicly downloadable
Keywords : , ,
Language :
Entry Type : Position/Working/Briefing Paper
Uploaded By : Rayhan Rashid
Upload date : Thursday, 25 June 2015

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Archive I: Media Archive

Archives news reports, opinions, editorials published in different media outlets from around the world on 1971, International Crimes Tribunal and the justice process.

Archive II: ICT Documentation

For the sake of ICT’s legacy this documentation project archives, and preserves proceeding-documents, e.g., judgments, orders, petitions, timelines.

Archive III: E-Library

Brings at fingertips academic materials in the areas of law, politics, and history to facilitate serious research on 1971, Bangladesh, ICT and international justice.

Archive IV: Memories

This archive records from memory the nine-month history of 1971 as experienced and perceived by individuals from all walks of life.