Category Archives: Uncategorized

The Trial of Henry Kissinger

Hitchens, C


Weighing the evidence with judicial care, and developing his case with scrupulous parsing of the written record, Hitchens takes the floor as prosecuting counsel. He investigates, in turn, Kissinger’s involvement in the war in Indochina, mass murder in Bangladesh, planned assassinations in Santiago, Nicosia and Washington DC, and genocide in East Timor. Drawing on first-hand testimony, previously unpublished documentation, and broad sweeps through material released under the Freedom of Information Act, he mounts a devastating indictment of a man whose ambition and ruthlessness have directly resulted in both individual murders and widespread, indiscriminate slaughter. Read Chapter 4 of the book on Bangladesh, criticising Henry Kissinger’s role in genocide, assassinations and coups.…

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বাংলাদেশের স্বাধীনতা যুদ্ধ – দলিলপত্র – অষ্টম খন্ড – ৯

হাসান হাফিজুর রহমান(ed.)


বাংলাদেশের স্বাধীনতা যুদ্ধ – দলিলপত্র – অষ্টম খন্ড – গণহত্যা, শরনার্থী শিবির ও প্রাসঙ্গিক ঘটনা
গণহত্যা ও নির্যাতনের বিবরণ – ভারতীয় পত্র পত্রিকার রিপোর্ট…

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Beyond the Archive of Silence: Narratives of Violence of the 1971 Liberation War of Bangladesh

Saikia, Y


To overcome the silences concerning gendered violence and to document a people’s history of 1971, I have undertaken to reconstruct through oral history, fieldwork,
and archival research the experiences of survivors – men and women in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India who participated in, experienced, and witnessed the Liberation War. My aim is to probe into the moments of violence, the victimization of women, the actions and experiences of men, and the trauma produced as a consequence. Through this exploration of personal and collective memories, I hope to demonstrate the linked, though conflicting, experiences of suffering of people in the subcontinent and to construct a story of survivors of the Liberation War. This research is also an attempt to rethink communal and state violence in postcolonial South Asia and arrive at a clearer understanding of the legacies of the partitions
of 1947 and 1971.

LIBRARIANS’ NOTE: This is a problematic piece. Read this item in conjuction with other items on the topic.…

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মুক্তিযুদ্ধে দৈনিক সংগ্রামের ভূমিকা (১)

টাবি, আলী আকবর


Pages 1-43 of the book. A compilation of Daily Sangram’s coverage during the 1971 war, with relevant commentary by the author. The newspaper served as one of the mouth pieces of Jamat-i-Islami, the party that collaborated with the invading West Pakistani army and has actively participated in genocide and crimes against humanity.…

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Guilty Associations: Joint Criminal Enterprise, Command Responsibility, and the Development of International Criminal Law

Danner, Allison Marston


Contemporary international criminal law is largely concerned with holding individual defendants responsible for mass atrocities. Because the crimes usually involve the concerted efforts of many individuals, allocating responsibility among them is of critical importance. This Article examines two liability doctrines-joint criminal enterprise and command responsibility that play a central role in that allocation of guilt in international criminal tribunals. The Article posits a general framework for understanding the development of international criminal law as an outgrowth of three legal traditions: domestic criminal law, international human rights law, and transitional justice. We explore the application of that framework to joint criminal enterprise and command responsibility doctrines and argue that viewing joint criminal enterprise and command responsibility through the lens of our framework shows the need for certain doctrinal reforms. Finally, we discuss the application of liability doctrines developed in the context of international criminal tribunals to prosecutions for international or transnational crimes in other forums, such as domestic military tribunal prosecutions of terrorists, that do not share the same roots as international criminal law.…

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A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation

Weitz, Eric D


University of Minnesota history professor Weitz offers a sobering comparative study of four of the past century’s genocidal regimes: Stalin’s Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, Cambodia under Pol Pot and Bosnia in the 1990s. (While acknowledging that the Holocaust was unprecedented, Weitz explicitly rejects the notion that it was “unique” and incomparable to other genocides.) Weitz begins with a tightly argued account of how Enlightenment thought, together with 19th-century romanticism’s nostalgia for an imagined and innocent past, combined to provide the intellectual underpinning for the growth of nationalism and racism, which provided the 20th-century engine for state-organized genocide. Weitz then explores the historical precedents in each country, providing context for a comparison of how each government accomplished its horrific goals. There is much new in Weitz’s analysis and his isolation of the common mechanisms of state-sponsored genocide is an invaluable contribution to the literature on the subject, such as his discussion of the prevalence of one-on-one brutality in the cases of Serbian, Nazi and Cambodian atrocities. The descriptions of the mechanisms for the purges, specifically how each government made large sections of their population complicit in the crimes, is chilling. Despite its analytical and reasoned approach, this work cannot be read without feeling outrage, despair and horror. Weitz’s work raises profound questions about the human capacity for violence.…

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Evidence in International Criminal Trials: Lessons and Contributions from the Special Court for Sierra Leone

Hassan-Morlai, Patrick


This thesis contributes to the discourse on the development of a system of international criminal justice. In so doing, the paper pays attention to one aspect – rules of evidence – and examines its role in ensuring the rights to fair trial. The examination is limited to discussing offences relating to the jurisdiction ‘ratione materiae’ of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) contained in Articles 2-5 of the SCSL Statute.…

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Archive I: Media Archive

Archives news reports, opinions, editorials published in different media outlets from around the world on 1971, International Crimes Tribunal and the justice process.

Archive II: ICT Documentation

For the sake of ICT’s legacy this documentation project archives, and preserves proceeding-documents, e.g., judgments, orders, petitions, timelines.

Archive III: E-Library

Brings at fingertips academic materials in the areas of law, politics, and history to facilitate serious research on 1971, Bangladesh, ICT and international justice.

Archive IV: Memories

This archive records from memory the nine-month history of 1971 as experienced and perceived by individuals from all walks of life.