E-Library ‘71 – Recent Additions – (September 2010, week 4)

Librarians’ Note: This E-Library is maintained by the International Crimes Strategy Forum (ICSF), a strategic coalition of activists and organisations sharing the common goal of assisting the prosecution of war criminals of Bangladesh 1971. Only the members registered to E-Library site will enjoy FULL-TEXT download-access to the entries. It is advised that you open your free-account today by clicking the Registration link. To be able to download full-text of the items stored on this library, or to add new items, you will need additional user-rights which can be requested from the Library-Admin at the Feedback-Address. You are also welcome to suggest new records to the library database. We hope the resources made available on this site will facilitate serious research of high standard on issues relating to the Liberation War of Bangladesh and the prosecution of war criminals.


The Law Commission, Bangladesh. Opinion of the Law Commission on the technical aspects of the International Crimes (Tribunals) Act, 1973 (Act No. XIX of 1973). 2009.

Abstract: While reviewing the ’73 Act, The Law Commission’s central focus was on the individual responsibility in the commission of the crimes and holding of the trial by an independent, impartial and comprehensive tribunal on the basis of internationally accepted rules of procedure and evidence. The Law Commission, in this proposed recommendation made suggestions for provisions for the registry of the tribunal.

Stephens, Beth. “Humanitarian Law and Gender Violence: An End to Centuries of Neglect?” Hofstra L. & Pol’y Symp. 3 (1999): 87-109.

Abstract: The scandalous history of rape and other gender violence being used as weapons of war has been ignored by books, politicians and even the rare ad hoc international criminal tribunals. The discussion and debate about these issues has raised international awareness and response to such abuses. The path forward will depend on the success of detaining defendants and bringing them to trial, the success of the resulting prosecutions and on the tribunals’ record in respecting and protecting survivors and witnesses.

Ball, Howard. War Crimes and Justice: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary World Issues. Santa Barbara, California: ABCCLIO, 2002.

Abstract: How do you speak of the unspeakable and defend the indefensible? War Crimes and Justice: A Reference Handbook thoroughly examines the laws of war and how the world community handles the monstrous brutalities of war through the international justice system. Highlighted are 20th century war crimes and trials including Yugoslavia, Kosovo, and the Kerry incident in Vietnam. Also covered are the four international tribunals established to punish violators in Nuremberg, Tokyo, Yugoslavia, and Rwanda.
Pulitzer Prize-nominated author Howard Ball discusses those who committed unspeakable acts during war, others who sought justice for victims, and case studies portraying both victims and perpetrators. Significant treaties and conventions are explored, as well as all the options available to nations emerging from the throes of bloody civil wars to ensure peace with justice.

May, Lary. War Crimes and Just War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Abstract: War crimes are international crimes committed during armed conflict. Larry May argues that the best way to understand war crimes is as crimes against humanness rather than as violations of justice. Throughout, May demonstrates that the principle of humanness in the cornerstone of international humanitarian law, and is itself the basis of the traditional principles of discrimination, necessity, and proportionality.

Kinloch, Graham C and Mohan, Raj P, ed. Genocide: Approaches, Case Studies, and Responses. New York: Algora Publishing, 2005.

Abstract: Fourteen authors analyze factors behind genocidal situations worldwide, with detailed case studies, and an evaluation of attempts to prevent genocide and of the implications for human rights policies, with a particular concern to develop new and practical insights.

Bloxham, Donald. Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Abstract: When the Allies tried German war criminals at the end of World War II they were attempting not only to punish the guilty but also to set down a history of Nazism and of what had happened in Europe. Yet as Donald Bloxham shows in this incisive account, the reality was that these proceedings failed. Not only did the guilty often escape punishment but the final solution was largely written out of history in the post-war era.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article or in the comment section are those of the respective authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of International Crimes Strategy Forum (ICSF).

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Archive I: Media Archive

Archives news reports, opinions, editorials published in different media outlets from around the world on 1971, International Crimes Tribunal and the justice process.

Archive II: ICT Documentation

For the sake of ICT’s legacy this documentation project archives, and preserves proceeding-documents, e.g., judgments, orders, petitions, timelines.

Archive III: E-Library

Brings at fingertips academic materials in the areas of law, politics, and history to facilitate serious research on 1971, Bangladesh, ICT and international justice.

Archive IV: Memories

This archive records from memory the nine-month history of 1971 as experienced and perceived by individuals from all walks of life.